Added: Shirlene Kinsman - Date: 07.11.2021 23:48 - Views: 26374 - Clicks: 7929
Child marriage affects both girls and boys, but it affects girls disproportionately. It is defined as a marriage of a girl or boy before the age of 18 and refers to both formal marriages and informal unions in which children under the age of 18 live with a partner as if married.
Child marriage ends childhood. These consequences impact not just the girl directly, but also her family and community. A girl who is married as is more likely to be out of school and not earn money and contribute to the community. She is more likely to have children when she is still. There are more chances of her dying due to complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Estimates suggest that each year, at least 1.
Nearly 16 per cent adolescent girls aged are currently married. While the prevalence of girls getting married before age 18 has declined from 47 per cent to 27 per cent between and it is still too high. The ificant progress in the reduction of child marriages in India has contributed to a large extent to the global decrease in the prevalence of the practice. The decline may be the result of multiple factors such as increased literacy of mothers, better access to education for girls, strong legislation and migration from rural areas to urban centres. Child marriage, a deeply rooted social norm, provides glaring evidence of widespread gender inequality and discrimination.
It is the result of the interplay of economic and social forces. In communities where the practice is prevalent, marrying a girl as is part of a cluster of social norms and attitudes that reflect the low value accorded to the human rights of girls. Child marriage negatively affects the Indian economy and can lead to an intergenerational cycle of poverty.
Early marriage le girls to have children earlier and more children over their lifetime, increasing economic burden on the household. The lack of adequate investments in many countries to end child marriage is likely due in part to the fact that the economic case for ending the practice has not yet been made forcefully. As a result of norms asing lower value to girls, as compared to boys, girls are perceived to have no alternative role other than to get married. And are expected to help with domestic chores and undertake household responsibilities in preparation for their marriage. The most ificant development has been the gradual shift from interventions that are small in scope and mainly sector-based to large scale district models on adolescent empowerment and reduction of child marriage which rely on existing large government programmes.
UNICEF and UNFPA have ed forces through a Global Programme to Accelerate Action to End Child Marriage, where for the first time existing strategies in areas such as health, education, child protection, nutrition and water and sanitation have been brought together to address child marriage in a holistic manner. The approach is to address child marriage through the entire lifecycle of especially by addressing persisting negative social norms which are key drivers for the high prevalence of child marriage in India.
The programme works in partnership with governments, civil society organizations and young people themselves and adopt methods that have proven to work at scale. Programme Menu Child protection.
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